-The country boasts more than 1000 species of orchids, being Monteverde the region with the highest density of orchids in the world. Costa Rica is home to more than 10,000 species of plants in total. In addition Costa Rica gets about $1 million a year for the export of more than 900,000 Chrysalises of 150 species of butterflies, as the Morpho - one of the largest and intense blue colored butterfly.

-Among the most outstanding species that inhabit the country are the puma (Puma concolor costaricensis), jaguar (Panthera onca), deer (Odocoileus virginianus), the white-faced monkey (Cebus capucinus), coyote (Canis latrans), armadillos (Dasypodidae) and several species of birds including the quetzal (Pharomachrus), the yigüirro and the Hummingbird (Trochilinae).

-Costa Rica is the first country in the American continent to ban the hunting of animals for sport.

-A 46.8% of the total continental area of the country is covered by forests and jungles, approximately 25% of the territory is protected; However, the country has one of the highest rates of deforestation in the region.
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Costa Rica

Biodiversity and Nature
-Costa Rica has a greater maritime surface that the Mainland due to the oceanic zone is about 589.000 km2 which includes the Coco’s Island which is located about 480 km to the southwest of the Osa Peninsula, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. This island was declared Natural patrimony of the humanity by the UNESCO in 1997.

-The country boasts more than 1000 species of orchids, being Monteverde the region with the highest density of orchids in the world. Costa Rica is home to more than 10,000 species of plants in total. In addition Costa Rica gets about $1 million a year for the export of more than 900,000 Chrysalises of 150 species of butterflies, as the Morpho - one of the largest and intense blue colored butterfly.
Top: Orchids of Costa Rica. In the country there are more than 1000 species of orchids. Monteverde is the region with the highest density of orchids in the world.

Bottom: Costa Rica gets nearly $1 million dollars a year for the export of more than 900,000 Chrysalises of 150 species of butterflies, as the Morpho - one of the biggest and bright blue butterflies.
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-SINAC is in charge of 27 national parks (IUCN-II) and several biological and forest reserves that fall into different management categories. The Cordillera de Talamanca has a large number of these protected areas, including the International Park La Amistad, which extends about this and even within the Panamanian territory, in the Osa peninsula is the Corcovado National Park, which is a remnant of unique tropical rainforest lowlands in the world, by the large number of species that live there. In the region of the Pacific Northwest, Las Baulas Marine National Park is the most important conservation of the American Pacific for the nesting of the Leatherback, which is in danger of extinction. In Costa Rica, also, there are about 350 wetlands, covering approximately 7% of the national territory, of whom 11 have been identified as "Ramsar sites", of importance around the world.

-Costa Rica has three heritages of UNESCO being these also 3 natural goods. These are namely:
* Reserves of the Cordillera de Talamanca, La Amistad/La Amistad International Park (declared in 1983).
* The Isla del Coco National Park (declared in 1997).
* The Guanacaste Conservation Area (declared in 1999).
-Costa Rica created in 1970 its network of national parks, which is managed by SINAC since 1994, this is a Department of the Ministry of Environment and Energy in charge of maintenance, organization and strategic planning of all protected areas in the territory.
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