Costa Rica

Geography of Costa Rica

-Costa Rica has an extensive hydrographic network, which is distributed in three slopes, bounded naturally by the mountainous system of the country, and they are classified according to its mouth on North slopes, the Caribbean and the Pacific.
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-Costa Rica comprises 51 100 km2 589 000 km2 of territorial waters.

-Costa Rica is a very mountainous country and the greater part of the territory is composed of elevations between 900 and 1800 meters above the sea level.

-There are three major mountain systems: the Cordillera de Guanacaste, mining Sierra de Tilarán, Cordillera volcanic Central and the Cordillera de Talamanca, and four secondary mountain systems: Nicoya mountain ranges located in the province of Guanacaste. Brunqueña row or row coast and the Sierra de Osa with heights between 600 and 1500 m.

-In the Centre of the country is the great Central Valley characterized by their fertility and abundance of water sources, surrounded by mountains and volcanoes, has a very pleasant climate, here lies the greater part of the country's population, approximately 60% of the inhabitants.

-The coastal plain of the Caribbean has low altitude and is partially covered with rainforests.

-The highest point in the country is Cerro Chirripó at 3820 meters and is the fifth highest peak in Central America.

-The highest volcano is the Irazú volcano, 3432 m.

-Costa Rica comprises many islands. Cocos Island (24 km²) stands out for its distance from the continental shelf, 300 km from Puntarenas, but Calero island is the largest island in the country with 151.6 km2.

-About 25% of the national territory is protected by the SINAC (national system of conservation areas), which oversees all the protected areas of the country. Costa Rica has the highest density of species in the world.
In addition to the production of electric power, Costa Rica watersheds have been exploited very well by Costa Ricans and foreigners.

Right: Some tourists enjoying the waterfall on the Río Pacuare; while on the opposite face, adrenaline effect on a hectic adventure on the Rio Reventazon.
Right: Panoramic view of the Turrialba volcano. A giant that is part of the Central volcanic mountain range, and on the other side, a view of the Barba Volcano in Heredia belonging to the same chain.
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