Culture and Society
-The prehistory of the Osa Peninsula is indistinct and may be the best piece of history, however it is incomplete by the archaeological looting of tombs and the few sites of the real Amerindians in the region that have been described from the excavations. In fact, the native American history of Central America is a not-very-rigorous documented set and seems that dominance were by nomadic tribes who liked little of the empire and the trappings of civilization. Whereas the archaeological site of La Pitahaya at Chiriqui Bay off the coast of Panama suggests that the corn in the agriculture was essential for the Amerindian occupation of this part near the Panamanian coast, this is not evident to the archaeological sites of Golfo Dulce and Osa indicating the practice of agriculture.
-It seems that the Osa Amerindians could have survived completely from hunting, gathering and coastal fishing. However, some of the historical sights of the region include the famous Diquis, the areas of the Térraba. These areas found around the entire Gulf and in abundance in the Caño Island, which was used exclusively for funeral services of the Amerindians. The wide dissemination of the fields of the region suggests that partnerships between the agricultural semi Diquis made, the nomadic tribes of the area of Osa and Coto were increasingly more small. The Diquis seems to have been the main regional power, and enjoyed the commercial benefits of the coastal tribes, and fishing were likely to perform the exchange of agricultural products from the area.
-Also the mysterious spheres require its importance to the fact that continue to elude archaeologists nobody knows what they are for or so were for. But here we know that they are perfectly spherical, are rock and its size varies from 8 centimeters up to two meters in diameter, it is not known which is the technology used for the manufacture and transport of the spheres, also there was a relatively advanced technology used for smelting of gold, which was known and used by the Amerindian village of Osa and which was used to create animal figures, human beings and beings androgens. The discovered tombs were filled with ornaments of gold, necklaces, figures and plates. In addition, an active trading of these figures since its first discovery has also been recorded. Gold in the prehistoric society served a prominent role in the interaction of humanity with the environment of Osa in the earliest times.
Though stone spheres foundings still occure worldwide, most of theem are located in Costa Rica.
The stone spheres, most of them carved out on granite, date back up to 2000 years b C; and their significate is still a mistery.
-The first discovery of the Osa Peninsula was in 1515, which was carried out by the European Council by hand Hernán Ponce and Bartolomé Hurtado Spaniards. A quick report her Gil González Dávila pattern has to discover Nicaragua in its mission to Panama by land. In the Gonzalez Burica Peninsula established an alliance with a local chieftain named Osa, whereby this Peninsula carries this name. Davila back life to the old world and coined the name of Costa Rica. Another European port of the 16th century who supposedly stirred the waters of the coasts of the Osa Peninsula was the main scourge of Europeans, also the English Corsair and Explorer, Sir Francis Drake. He would have buried treasures somewhere along the coast, in 1569. Mecca of tourism of Drake Bay, North of Corcovado National Park attests in his name to the legendary fame of the pirate who was visiting the area. No one has claimed responsibility yet of his treasure, or three hordes that are hidden on Cocos Island, specifically 400 kilometres to the West.
-In the 19th century the Osa Peninsula, is a renowned exile of political refugees fleeing from prison to other undesirable circumstances, near Panama. The popular conception that now has that OSA was a penal colony where criminals and other social misfits found refuge on its coast, but this is not really the case since people that fled justice to this indictment were persecuted, since the human population of Osa in his early days, it was a compound isolated from advanced hunters - gatherers, wild men, lawless that subsisted meat of wild animals that they hunted, as well as native fruits that they collected and seafood. In response to a growing number of immigrants from Panama, the President of Costa Rica at the time sent a mission of colonists to compete with immigrants and gives the power to protect the land for livestock production. Generous donations of lands were given by presidential decree that sponsored the first wave of development in the peninsula, which consisted of the destruction of tens of thousands of hectares of lowland tropical forest into pasture for cattle.
-In early days the cattle was King on the peninsula and some of the cattle barons were those who put law and order on the peninsula and other government services. The remoteness and the difficulty of the environment maintained the place isolated until the end of the 19th century. The city of Santo Domingo appears in the first charts where today is Puerto Viejo, where kayaking through the mangroves occur today. Santo Domingo was devastated by a tsunami at the end of the 19th century, and the village cemetery was not disintegrated completely by the jungle and still can be visited until today. The city was relocated to the interior of the approximate location of what is known as La Choza del Manglar, only to find a place higher than the actual. A string of bad luck and perhaps to embrace the future, the city changed its name in honor of the President who visited them for the first time. The rest is history.
Last century, the Sirena operational ranger station worked as a rustic retail store for locals in those years of yore, who walked almost a day away for shopping. Besides, the livestock and agriculture were the typical labours for the people.
Photograph: Actual Sirena Park Ranger Station / Corcovado National Park.
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