-On March 20, 1856, Mora and Schlessinger troops found themselves in the Hacienda Santa Rosa. In less than 15 minutes, the men of general Mora violated a hard defeat the invaders and forced them to flee across the Guanacaste mountains, which is known as the battle of Santa Rosa.
-On April 11, 1856, the Buccaneers and their allies in the democratic camp, under the command of William Walker in person, attacked by surprise the city of Rivas, who a few days earlier had been occupied by the Costa Rican army, led by the own President Mora, kicking off the second battle of Rivas.
-The battle was bloody and long, with great losses for both sides, but mostly because the filibusters, having taken position in an Inn in the city known as the "Meson of war", in breach of hard shots to the Costa Rican army. A humble young soldier named Juan Santamaría, alajuelense who was mortally wounded by the enemy, before dying, managed to set fire to the Inn and thus contributed to the Costa Rican victory at Rivas.
-In 1858, the Cañas-Jerez Treaty is signed and it defines the border with Nicaragua, confirmed by the Cleveland award in 1888.
Government and Administration
UP: Local school students in Drake Bay, preparing final details for Independence Day parades, a National Holiday.
Down: Costa Rica in Independence Day parades.
Independence and Federal Period 1821-1848
-Costa Rica's independence from the Spanish Empire September 15, 1821, along with the other provinces that formed part of the general captaincy of Guatemala.
-Independence brought with it a showdown for power between conservative cities of Cartago and Heredia, which April 5, 1823 was fought a battle in the Alto de Ochomogo, and pleads to the city of San jose, capital of Costa Rica.
-The greatest threat to the country's political and cultural stability was experienced during the rise to power in neighboring Nicaragua of the American filibuster William Walker, who arrived in Nicaragua at the request of the democratic camp which was in the midst of a civil war against the legitimist Government in 1854.
Plaza in Alajuela. Monument to Juan Santamaria, Costa Rica National Hero.
-From Oscar Arias administration some changes were made as it was withdrawal of support to the war in Iraq, the rupture of diplomatic relations with Taiwan and its establishment with the people's Republic of China and the transfer of the Costa Rican Embassy in Israel from Jerusalem to Tel Aviv. Costa Rica maintained diplomatic relations with some Arab countries and the Palestinian national authority.
-Costa Rica is a founding member of the Organization of the United Nations, maintains diplomatic relations with almost all countries of America and Europe, although with Cuba consular way, does the administration of Abel Pacheco de la Espriella (2002). However, on March 18, 2009, through an executive order, the administration of Óscar Arias Sánchez restores diplomatic relations with the island.
-The Government of conservative Abel Pacheco was characterized by being submissive to foreign policy of the United States and supported the Iraq war, and was questioned his affinity towards Taiwan.
Government and administration
-Costa Rica is governed by the Constitution of November 7, which establishes a unitary State and a presidential system.
-It is this centralized power in several State authorities that rules and govern Costa Rica and these are subdivided into various chambers of power. The three main are Executive, legislative, judiciary, Electoral power.
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