Costa Rica

Healthcare in Costa Rica
-The governing body of this sector is the Ministry of Public Health, which plays a role in disease prevention. Medical and hospital care is the responsibility of the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social (CCSS) which is an autonomous State institution.

-Health care is organized into 3 levels:
the first level or level of primary care, consisting of the basic equipment of comprehensive care in health (
EBAIS), peripheral clinics and other centers of health care, which are responsible for the attention of basic general consultation.

-The second level, consisting of services specialized in general surgery, medicine internal, Pediatrics, Gynecology and obstetrics. It is comprised of 10 major clinics.

-The third level, which is responsible for the attention of clinic complex cases, and is comprised of 3 «Class A» general hospitals: the San Juan de Dios Hospital, the Mexico Hospital and the Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia Hospital and 5 national specialized hospitals: Children National Hospital Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera, Geriatric Hospital Dr. Raúl Blanco Cervantes, the Woman National Hospital Dr. Adolfo Carit Eva, the National Psychiatric Hospital and the National Rehabilitation Centre (
CENARE). There are also private medical centers.
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-Based on the 2012 human development index, Costa Rica is the country with the greater life expectancy of Latin America (79.4 years).

-The rate of infant mortality per 1,000 live births was 9.07 according to 2011 from the Ministry of Health indicators report.

-The system of health of Costa Rica was listed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2000 as the third best system in Latin America, surpassed only by Colombia and Argentina. Worldwide was ranked
36, beating United States (37) and Cuba (39).
Dental health occupies an important role within the system of national healthcare, with public and private institutions, and regular visits to schools and highschools.
-For 2013, improvements in health in Costa Rica placed this Central American nation among the countries with   the best performance in the region thanks to its focus on primary care. Today, life expectancy and infant mortality rates are comparable to those of the countries of the OECD European, although now there are challenges surrounding the sustainability of the country's universal health insurance.
-The Healthcare System of Costa Rica is listed by the World Health Organization as the third best system in Latin America, surpassed only by Colombia and Argentina. Worldwide was ranked 36, beating United States (37) and Cuba (39).
-In general terms, the population has access to acceptable health service. In 1998 created the Costa Rican Institute against Cancer (ICCC), whose objective was to build a national diagnostic Center and a Cancer Hospital. The Institute is financed by a tax on lottery (State monopoly) and for the year 2004 was about US$ 40 million collected, however, the buildings have not begun since doctors and politicians have been engaged in a battle that some believe that the money should be spent to strengthen to the CCSS and should not create a new institution.
When the patient is a child: Pain that accompanies parents is opaque when their children are treated in the Children National Hospital, a Medical Specializing Centre in this type of population.
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