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-Corcovado National Park is considered a jewel that crowns the renowned National Parks System of Costa Rica. It covers 429 square miles of protected areas, but also belongs to the Osa conservational area, in which Golfo Dulce Forest Reserve is included, the Guaymi reserve and Caño Island Biological Reserve, Piedras Blancas and the Terraba-Sierpe mangroval areas or Ramsar site.
-Some lands assigned to the protection of the biological corridor between Corcovado and Talamanca lands, guarantee the genetic biodiversity of the spectacular wildlife of Corcovado.
-Corcovado National Park is located in Osa Peninsula, southeast of Costa Rica, and specifically 9 ° North, 83 ° west.
Entrance to the Terraba - Sierpe mangroval preserve in the venicity town of Sierpe.
-It was created in October 24th, 1975 and covers 45757 terrestrial hectares and 5375 marine hectares. It's considered a very important part of the national parks system and biological preserves of the country.
-The biodiversity is outstanding. The National Geographic names it as "the most biologically intense place on Earth", biologically speaking and it is estimated that no place in the world (with similar extension of territory) shelters a greater biological diversity.
History and Creation of the Park
-A war with no quarter still goes on between the economy, politics and the natural history since gold mining in rivers occurred in the 30's in Corcovado.
-Gold panning was only allowed in Madrigal and Carate beaches, until gold miners hit the relatives and accessible gold deposits in the river within the mountain in the 80's.
-Five years later after the presidential decree and not yet ratified by law, the population in Osa grew 5 times reaching 20 thousand inhabitants. Up in the mountains, a new type of entrepreneur arose seeking for fortune far away of the scrutiny of the law, and social strata backed by local businessmen, intermediaries, street drug dealers, bootleggers and hunters. Guns were hired, prostitutes and bar owners.
-The beginning of the II World War, Carate was one of the two places in the world in using gold dredgers. The gold was lately found also in Rio Claro in the decade of the 30's near Madrigal beach. Mid 80's the operations were held in the Tigre river and Carate.
-An extensive network of trails in the mountains provided between Puerto Jimenez and Dos Brazos, steep and muddy mountain trails for horses, in which gentle streams overflowing by torrential rains turned into angry and wild and deadly torrents.
-Gold in the concentrations of colluvium of tunnels was uncompromisingly beaten by pioneers, what later on collected many lives because of the recurrent landslides.
Local gold panner extracting gold pebbles in the river. Corcovado National Park.
-In the middle of the 1980s, the federal Government by poor mining within boundaries of the Park, created a costly program to evict and spawn conflicts between the Government and the groups of indigent citizens.
-Conservationists struck to buy lands and to complete the protection of the Talamanca corridor. The Ecotourism that has grown has provided incentives to protect nature.
-The reward of gold with the use of shovels reached fifty grams and people still do it. The Park is still the main aim for the big gold.
-Before the gold rush, throughout the region is was getting ready to be exploited by an international consortium of registration.
-Conservationists pressed the Government to protect the area from logging and five years after a historical act, in 1970 the government isolated the country and it opened a new path that created the actual model system of national parks.
-Corcovado National Park was created by Executive Decree of October 24, 1975 by the then President of the Republic, Daniel Oduber, later awarded the Albert Schweitzer prize at the Institute for the welfare of animals for its action in favour of conservation.
Corcovado Natural Nature Tours.
Bahía Drake, Osa Península.
Costa Rica - 2010
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