Society de Costa Rica
-A result of colonial conditions where even the aristocracy in many cases should work and perform certain unthinkable jobs in other parts of the continent, it is in Costa Rica where the social differences were never too radical in comparison to other countries.
-The children of the rich and the poor attended the same schools, marriages between people of different social classes were not necessarily taboo (even some first ladies were of humble origin), or that the middle classes could access public and political positions.
-In Costa Rica it was perfectly feasible from ancestor century and beginnings of the 20th that the children of workers, peasants or craftsmen could go to College and become lawyers, doctors, etc., and many members who have reached the Parliament exercised humble professions or came from middle and lower class households.
-Many of these traditions, such as equality of opportunity regardless of profession of the parents or that children of different social classes attend together to the same centers is has been losing ground especially from neo-liberal reforms of the 1980s, it is still common in Costa Rica Presidents, deputies, mayors and other political figures walk around the streets without security escorts, attend public events as one ordinary citizen, or make use of public services.
Social status was never important since ancient times to the colony, or is not currently in the Costa Rican culture. All children and young people of all social strata have state education.
Left: Many Nicaraguan travelers entering Costa Rica come just with their ticket of arrival, in the hope of finding a better future in our country to their families. Right: The country's population grows exponentially because of immigrants from many countries of the world, what makes Costa Rica a multicultural place.
-According to the Constitution politics of the Republic of Costa Rica in its article 76, the Spanish language is the official language of the nation. However, Costa Rica is a multilingual country considering its small territorial extension, spoken five native languages, namely, the maleku, cabecar, bribri, guaymi and bocota. Mekatelyu is spoken in the Caribbean zone of the country, it is academically referred to as Limon Creole English. This name is a sort of onomatopoeia formed from the pronunciation of the phrase "May I tell you" in this variant of English.
-Also in the southeast of the country is a large colony of Italian-speaking majority Sarda and Sicilian, however by the course of time and the Costa Rican immigration to the South created villagers who speak a linguistic variant which makes that they mix both languages, thus creating a dialect typical of the place.
-Costa Rica ranks third in Latin America in the English language. According to the study, 15% of the Costa Rican population guarantees total mastery of the English language.
-The emigration of Costa Rica is lower than that of other Central American countries. For 2005, according to the World Bank had only 127,061 Costa Ricans living abroad, approximately 3% of the population.. The main destination for Costa Rican migrants was United States (mostly in California, New York, New Jersey and Florida) with the 71.9% of the Costa Rican emigrants living in that country.
-For 2011, the figure doubled to 6% of the total population, and according to a study by the Department of Migration and Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of
Foreign Affairs and the Elections Supreme Court (TSE), more than 300,000 ticos living abroad. The number of Costa Ricans in the United States stood at 126,000 people (now representing 42% of the total).
-For the beginning of the second decade of the 21st century Costa Rican emigration gradually increases and diversifies to different destinations.
-More than 50% of immigrants have university studies, are aged between 25 and 40 years and develop in your current country of residence in technical work or their careers. For 2011, Costa Rica receives more remittances than it sent abroad. According to the data provided, Costa Rica received about 612 million dollars in remittances, 86 million more than in 2010.
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